Juan de Flandes (1465-1519 Spanish) • Portait of Catalina de Aragón at age 10
Snowy Landscape with Arles in the Background, 1888
Vincent van Gogh
I don’t often have to specify, since the 19th century isn’t exactly known for workshop-produced paintings, but in this case I do: Allegory of Time Governed by Prudence, from around 1565, was painted by Titian and his workshop.
The painting seems to be fairly consistently interpreted as representing time —the three men of different ages along the top—and prudence—the dog, wolf, and lion below. Titian’s specific intent, though, is up for debate.
We are helped along only slightly by the inscription at the top, which can be approximated as meaning, “based on the past, the present acts prudently to avoid future mishaps.”